Conventions and Abbreviations
The elements within a manuscript description are normally:
Source siglum; RISM siglum of holding collection and relevant shelf number or other unique identifier
Name(s) of scribe(s)
Writing implements employed
number of staves
maker's mark (if present)
watermark (if present)
format (upright or oblong)
dimensions (height ´ width; total span)
other features (including paper or stave colour)
Manuscript Structure and Collation
In descriptions of foliation of manuscripts:
Where relevant, small numbers are used to indicate stave numbers on a page, so that 1r2–4 should be read as 'folio 1, recto, staves two to four'.
In the descriptions of fascicle structures the following conventions are used:
A main entry (e.g. for an Edition or Issue) will normally contain some or all of the following elements:
Source siglum - in LH margin
Bibliographic descriptor - in capital letters
Place of publication: name of publisher/distributor, date of publication
Link to facsimile, if available
Link to facsimile, if available
Analysis - detailed account of the make up of the publication
h x w (total span on first page of music)
Watermark - description
Printer - name as given on the publication, and page reference
Hofmeister - date of any relevant entry in Hofmeister's Monatsbericht
Edition Number; Plate Number
Printing Details (if known)
Date of Print Order
Date Copies Received
Print Run (i.e. number of copies received)
Copies - List of copies located
Shelfmark or other unique identifier
Brief descriptive notes
An entry for an individual exemplar may include some or all of the above elements as appropriate.
The abbreviations fw (=front wrapper) and bw (=back wrapper) are used, with, where necessary the suffix r (=recto) or v (=verso).
Any analytical bibliography will need to use terms to define the relationship between different copies of the same work. Unfortunately the four terms in general use – edition, impression, state and issue – cannot be rigorously defined and do not form a hierarchy. One of the sources of the confusions that arise is the fact that three of the terms in common use are normally defined solely or chiefly in terms of the production of the copies concerned, while the fourth is defined in terms of the publication history of copies. Thus any attempt to arrange the four terms in a hierarchy is doomed to failure. Another source of confusion is the fact that chief users of the terms – bibliographers, library cataloguers, editors, collectors and booksellers – have different agendas and priorities and use the vocabulary in different ways. The following are the definitions, based in part on those of GDEPM, adopted in the bibliographic descriptions of this catalogue, together with notes on some of problems and anomalies.
The RISM library sigla may be found in The New Grove Dictionary of Music ed. S. Sadie (London, 2001) or online. The siglum GB-Lpc is used for private collections within London, UK.
These are used for the sake of quick reference, and are broadly based on the system adopted by the New Berlioz Edition.
Alpha-numeric additions in smaller type are used where the same designation applies to more than one source for a work, and/or, where necessary, to distinguish between different layers of revision in manuscripts (e.g. ACF2a = second copyist's full score with autograph annotations, first layer of annotations) different editions, issues, impressions and states (see above, Bibliographic descriptions) in the case of printed editions (e.g. PF1b = first edition of the full score, second impression or issue). Further details are provided in the pages relating to the printed editions of song collections.
In discussions of a copyist's manuscript with autograph annotations the normal siglum may be shortened by the omission of the initial 'A' (e.g. CF2 rather than ACF2) to indicate that it is the original copyist's text that is being referred to; the context should always render the meaning unambiguous.
In the lists of performances during Mahler’s lifetime, entries for performances by conductors other than Mahler have a shaded background. A graph showing the number of performances per concert season is added at the end of the entry.
All measurements are in millimetres unless otherwise stated. The abbreviation 'mm.' is only employed where necessary to avoid ambiguity
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