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Main heading: The Music of Gustav Mahler: A Catalogue of Manuscript and Printed Sources [rule] Paul Banks

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1

This signature raises a minor issue: according to WBWO, 90, Moßhammer was a member of the orchestra only in the period 1 January–31 July 1900.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Symphony No. 1 – Printed Editions

 

 

PRINTED FULL SCORES

PF1   FIRST EDITION – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Weinberger, [1898]
       

Title Page:[Blue text within decorative border:] SYMPHONIE / 1  / in / D-dur / von / GUSTAV MAHLER. / PARTITUR Graphic representing double pricing: 30 Mk. over 18 Fl. netto [design] CLAVIERAUSZUG [blank] / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. / Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in des Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements. / ·JOSEF WEINBERGER· // [centre:] WIEN / Kohlmarkt 8 / [rule] // [left:] Leipzig / Querstrasse No. 13 / [rule] // [right:] Paris / 40 Boulevard Haussmann / [rule] // Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien VII. / [beneath border:] 4148/98.

        Wrapper: Light green/blue with dark blue printing [see facsimile]
        Analysis: [1]=tp, [2]=blank, 3–47=I; 48–77=II; 78–94=III; 95–171=IV; [172]=blank.
        Dimensions: 322 x 255 (r = 231)
        Watermark: none
        Printer: Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien VII. [title page, front wrapper]
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: ii.1899    Price: Mk 30n.
        Edition number: none    Plate number: 1
       

Copies: A-Wigmg N/I/14, N/I/15; A-Wn Mus MS24-4º (Pflichtexemplar: 150/1899); A-Wst U.E. Deposit, Mahler/G. 002(D) (the wrappers use a light brown paper; ex coll. Harold Byrns 'mit allen Mahlersche Retouchen' and consulted in the preparation of SWIa); A-Wvpo III/98; D-B Mus. Km 50/1 (not seen); F-Pgm (presentation copy to Sylvain Dupuis, dated January 1899; no other annotations); GB-Lam Angelina Goetz Collection, 171 (bound copy, no wrappers); GB-Lbl h.3965.(1) (date stamped (red) 18 Fe 1905); US-Cn VM 1001 .M21s1; US-NYpm 113738 (James Fuld Collection); US-NYph LB1072 c#2169 (Leonard Bernstein's copy); US-Wc M1001.M21 No. 1; copy sold at Sotheby's, 8 June 2011, lot 297.

        Select bibliography: SW1b = [DP1]
       

The copy text for this edition was ACF4.

The front wrapper, bears, below the prices, the type-set text Mit Unterstützung der Gesellschaft zur Förderung deutscher/Wissenschaft, Kunst und Literatur in Böhmen./[rule]. The initiative to seek support from the Society seems to have been entirely that of Guido Adler, and he must have had discussions about the matter with Mahler and the music printer Eberle at least  as early as the autumn of 1897 because by 24 January 1898 he wrote a reference advocating that the Society provide the printer with a subsidy for the printing costs of the full score and orchestral parts of the First and Third Symphonies, the choral parts of the Third Symphony, and the orchestral and choral parts of the Second Symphony. The estimated cost of this project was 12,000 florins and the proposed subsidy was for 3,000 florins (ERGA, 88ff.; KBME, 216). Mahler had already written to Hermann Behn in connection with these plans on 21 January (HLG1, 466; the otherwise unpublished letter is at F-Pbgm):

The firm of Eberle only engraves; they are printers in the style of Röder, with plenty of capital (a corporation) and were created to promote Austrian works; they also secure the most suitable publisher: my work will probably go to Doblinger [it was in fact, Weinberger]. Advertising and distribution will be on a large scale.

The title page and wrapper of all copies also have traces of an erased text below the line listing the score and its price; the text is not legible but perhaps referred to orchestral parts. Availability of the score was announced by Weinberger in a publicity flyer of November 1898, and the  rubber stamp on the title page of APF3 provides firm evidence that copies had been printed by early December:

Stein-, Buch, - Kunst- / u. Musikaliendruckerei / JOS. EBERLE & Co. / 5. DEZ 98 / Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft / WIEN / VII. Seidengasse 3-7

That copies were on sale before the end of the year is further supported from the statement to that effect in the programme notes to the sixth performance, conducted at Dresden by Ernst von Schuch on 16 December 1898 (though the error over the date and place of the first performance undermines the reliance one might place on this source).

There is no direct documentation of the size of the initial print run, but there is evidence that in 1910 there were 114 unsold copies (see below, PF1a), suggesting an original print run of at least 150 copies. The significance of the different paper used in the wrappers of the A-Wst copy (see above) is unclear: the possibility that there was more than one print run cannot be ruled out, but seems unlikely.

At this stage in its evolution the work had no repeats in the first and second movements.

         
      PRINTED FULL SCORES WITH AUTOGRAPH REVISIONS:
APF1       NL-DHnmi, Mengelberg Stiftung 433
        Select bibliography: SW1b = [M-DP1] (kept with list of autograph revisions, Alist); GMWL, I.32-33 (transcription and English translations of a selection of Mengelberg's annotations)

Annotations in blue, red and brown crayon, pencil and red ink.

         
APF2       US-NYph 1587
        Provenance:  ex coll. Gustav Mahler
        Select bibliography: SW1b = [W-DP1]

Rubber stamped on the tp and p.3: GUSTAV MAHLER / WIEN and annotated in red ink and blue crayon. Presumably used by him for the performances in December 1909, and later by Bruno Walter (1933) and Leonard Bernstein. Kept with a set of PO1 parts not used by Mahler.

         
APF3       GB-SOu M22 (73-032779)
        Provenance:  ex coll. Anna Mahler; ?Alma Mahler; Gustav Mahler
        Select bibliography: SW1b = [S-DP1]

This is an item from the small collection of scores donated to the Library of the University of Southampton by Anna Mahler in 1973 (USLOP, 14–5). Some were originally owned by Mahler, though others appear to have been acquired later (probably by Alma Mahler-Werfel) in America.

The relatively sparse annotations in this copy - revisions and corrections - include the insertion of repeat signs in the first and second movements. Equally significant is the Eberle stamp on the title page (see the notes to PF1 above).

 

[APF4]       Not located (c. 19056)

The Stichvorlage for PS1; this was probably a copy of PF1 annotated by the composer

       
PF1a     FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1910]
       

Copies: A-Wst M.58830; GB-Lbl Hirsch M.996 (with undated manuscript revisions and corrections); US-NYp JMG 85-543 (paste over reads: “UNIVERSAL-EDITION / WIEN - NEW YORK”)

       

Copies of PF1, with original prices deleted and “UNIVERSAL-EDITION” stickers over J. Weinberger imprints on title page and wrapper.

In the GB-Lbl copy the prices for the full score on the front cover and title page have been blocked out and on the title page '40.-' has been substituted in pencil. The revisions, in red and black ink, add the repeats in movements 1 and 2 and revise the scoring and dynamics etc. broadly in line with PF2. These have been effected very neatly – perhaps by Universal Edition.

The A-Wst copy does not have this sticker: the original publisher's details have been deleted in blue ink, and “UNIVERSAL-EDITION” rubber stamped; repeats have been added in this copy by hand in red ink in movements 1 and 2.

The UE Verlagsbuch indicates that the company received the remaining 114 copies of the Eberle/Weinberger edition of the full score on 17 November 1910; a new UE edition  was not issued until 1912, and the stickers were presumably added to the old stock for sale in the meantime. However the sticker on the US-NYp copy was obviously added rather later since the New York office was in existence c. 1921–8.

     
APF5   SECOND STATE WITH AUTOGRAPH REVISIONS – Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1910
       

Wrapper: [Brown/black ink, non-autograph:] Mahler I Symphonie / Partitur / [red ink, autograph:] Corrigirt und / für die Neudruck richtig / befunden. / Gustav Mahler / [brown/black ink, non-autograph:] Korr. Exemplar 13/7/10

       

Analysis: [1-2] are not present; 3–47=I; 48–77=II; 78–94=III; 95–171=IV; [172] not present.

        Dimensions [plate size]: 294 x 220 (r = 228)
        Printing method: plate printed
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: [none]    Plate number: 6
        Copy: A-Wn L1.UE.364 Mus
        Select bibliography: SW1b = [DP2] & [StV2]
       

Printed from the plates of PF1 as revised for PS1, and used as the Stichvorlage for PF2. The sheets have been printed directly from the engraved plates, probably on a proofing press, on one side only, and pasted together to make up double-sided sheets; Mahler's corrections and revisions are chiefly in red ink (cf. the comparable Stichvorlage for the second edition of the full score of the Second Symphony). A non-autograph annotation on p. 3 reads: Neustich Pag. 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 146. In fact rather more re-engraving was needed and new plates were prepared for pp. 146, 162–71 inclusive.

SW1b considers this to be a 'Second Edition': only this copy has been located and the text as printed in this copy was never published in this format. A comparable set of proofs, used as a Stichvorlage for a new edition of the full score, survives for the Second Symphony (APFpr). The new edition of the full score of the First Symphony was not published until 1912 (see below).

The revisions reflect Mahler's final thoughts on the work, after performances in New York on 16 and 17 December 1909. Two days later he wrote to Bruno Walter that he ‘was pretty pleased with that youthful effort!’ (GMSL, 346).

     
PF2   SECOND EDITION – Vienna, Leipzig: Universal-Edition, [1912]
       

Title Page: [See facsimile. Black, within orange border:] ERSTE / SYMPHONIE / IN D DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / PARTITUR / [lower shield:] AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / DROITS D'ÉXÉCUTION / RÉSÉRVÉS / „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN-LEIPZIG. /

       

Wrapper: [Lilac decorative border on light green] [In top shield:] ·UNIVERSAL–EDITION· / [in next shield:] No 2931 / [in main shield:] GUSTAV MAHLER / 1. SYMPHONIE / D DUR / RÉ MAJEUR D MAJOR / PARTITUR

       

Analysis: [1]=tp, [2]=blank, 3–47=I; 48–77=II; 78–94=III; 95–171=IV; [172]=blank.

        Dimensions: 325 x 255 (r = 233)
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: 2931    Plate number: U.E.  2931
        Print ordered: 18.ix.1912    Copies received: 20.xi.1912   Print run: 40
       

Copies: A-Wigmg N/I/13 (with annotations by Harold Byrns = [B-DP3]); A-Wn M.S. 18637; GB-Lam 0090578 (Otto Klemperer Bequest; bound copy, no wrappers; a few conductor's markings, but not much used)

        Select bibliography: SW1b = [DP3]
       

This edition was ordered on the same day as the second editions of the full scores of the Second and Third Symphonies (prints runs also of forty copies). The copy text was APF5; and new plates for pp. 146, 162–71 inclusive had to be engraved in addition to corrections and revisions to the remaining plates.

SWIb dates this edition to November 1910, but there is strong evidence that the relevant entry in the UE Verlagsbuch refers to the transfer of unsold ex-Eberle/Weinberger copies of the first edition, not a printing of the second: the entry does not include details of a print order, only copies received, and similar entries were made on the same date for all the other EWZG Mahler publications that passed into UE ownership. If the reading of this entry adopted here is correct, then none of the annotations in [B-DP3] can be autograph, as suggested by SWIb.

     
PF2a     SECOND EDITION, SECOND IMPRESSION Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1920]
        Print ordered: 16.i.1920    Copies received: 12.iv.1920   Print run: 96
        Copies: GB-Lpc (no wrappers present)
       

According to the Verlagsbuch, this was the only new impression of the second edition of the full score before 1938. 

     
 

PRINTED STUDY SCORES

PS1   FIRST EDITION – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Weinberger/Universal Edition, [1906]
       

Title Page: [See facsimile. Black, within orange border:] ERSTE SYMPHONIE / IN D-DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER. / PARTITUR. / [in lower shield:] EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS. / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / JOSEF WEINBERGER / ·WIEN· LEIPZIG·PARIS· / [below border, in orange:] Lith.v.Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien. / [black:] IN DIE “UNIVERSAL-EDITION” AUFGENOMMEN. / [left:] BUDAPEST / ROZSAVÖLGYI ÉS TÁRSÁNÁL / [rule] / POZSONY / STAMPFEL KÁROLYNÁL // [centre:] FÜR DEUTSCHLAND BEI / FRIEDRICH HOFMEISTER / LEIPZIG. // [right:] SOLE AGENTS FOR / GREAT BRITAIN AND THE COLONIES / LONDON / E. ASCHERBERG & CO. / 46, BERNERS STREET W.

        Wrapper: [Front wrapper, see facsimile; the back wrapper is blank]
       

Analysis: [1]=tp, [2]=blank, 3–47=I; 48–77=II; 78–94=III; 95–171=IV; [172]=blank.

        Dimensions: 234.5 x 167 (r = 153.5)
        Watermark: none
        Printer: none indicated, but presumably Jos. Eberle & Co, Wien VII.
        Printing method: lithographic transfer, with photographic reduction, from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: v.1906   Price: Mk. 6
        Edition number: 946    Plate number: 6
        Print ordered: 02.vi.1906    Copies received: 02.vi.1906   Print run: 200
       

Copies: A-Was SCO M15.1, M16 (2 copies); CND-Lu Mahler-Rosé Collection S3-MD27-809 (ex coll. Arnold Rosé; no back wrapper); GB-Lbl Hirsch M. 235 (no wrappers); GB-Lpc;

        Select bibliography: SW1b = [SP1]
       

The original plates of PF1 were revised – i.e. the repeats were added in the first and second movements and the plate number changed to ‘6’ (to avoid duplication of ‘1’ assigned to the full score of the Second Symphony in the Hofmeister edition taken over by Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft/Weinberger in 1898) – and photographically reduced for printing by lithography in study score format. This revised state of the plates was never issued in full score format (though one such copy does exist – see APF5), and appeared only in study score format.

The Hofmeister entry is revealing: apparently a clear example of a pre-announcement by UE, since the first entry for this publication in the UE Verlagsbuch dates from the following month. In fact UE had already advertised their marketing of the study scores and piano duet arrangements of the first four symphonies in the the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, on 13 December 1905. However there is evidence that the early Verlagsbuch records may be incomplete (see the extended discussion on the  Universal Edition page for further details) so there may have been an unrecorded printing early in 1906.

UE publications rarely bear a price and Hofmeister always gives them in Marks. In 1907, ahead of the Linz première of the work, an advert gives the cost of a score (evidently the study score) as K 7.20 and of the piano duet arrangement as K 9.

The Verlagsbuch records that there were two further impressions of the study score before 1910 (when the rights in the work were transferred from the Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft to Universal Edition): in March 1907 and December 1909 (see below). No copy of these impressions have been identified: the name and address give for the London agency on the title page may have been altered in one or both as in 1907 these changed to Ascherberg, Hopwood & Crew, at 16 Mortimer Street (JPVMP, 12).

Arnold Rosé's copy listed above is unmarked except for some blue crayon annotations on p. 65.

     
PS1a    

FIRST EDITION, SECOND IMPRESSION – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Weinberger/Universal Edition, [1907]

        Print ordered: 07.iii.1907    Copies received: 07.iii.1907   Print run: 200
       

No copy of this impression has been identified.

     
PS1b    

FIRST EDITION, THIRD IMPRESSION [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Weinberger/Universal Edition, [1909]

        Print ordered: 15.xi.1909    Copies received: 31.xii.1909   Print run: 398
       

No copy of this impression has been identified.

     
PS1c     FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE Vienna: Universal Edition, [1913]
       

Title Page: [Black, within orange border:] ERSTE SYMPHONIE / IN D-DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / PARTITUR / [in lower shield:] EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS. / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / UNIVERSAL-EDITION / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN-LEIPZIG.

        Wrapper: [None located]
        Analysis: [1]=tp, [2]=blank, 3–47=I; 48–77=II; 78–94=III; 95–171=IV; [172]=blank.
        Dimensions: 229 x 169 (r = 152½)
        Printing method: lithographic transfer, with photographic reduction, from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: 946    Plate number: 6
        Print ordered: 08.x.1912    Copies received: 09.i.1913   Print run: 194
        Copies: A-Wst M 5054 (no wrappers); GB-Lbbc 21601; GB-Lpc
       

This was the first issue following the transfer of the work from the Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft to Universal Edition in 1910. For some reason (perhaps an oversight) the plate number was not revised to correspond with the UE edition number, and the superseded text of the PS1 is retained.

         
PS2   SECOND EDITION - Vienna: Universal Edition, [1920]
        Edition number: 946    Plate number: 2931
        Print ordered: 27.x.1919    Copies received: 07.v.1920   Print run: 494
        Copies: none located
        Select bibliography: SW1b = [SP2]
       

According to the brief description in SW1b, this edition was a study score format reissue of PF2. No copies of such an edition have yet been identified, so a full description is not possible.

The Verlagsbücher record two further printings of the study score between May 1920 (possibly to capitalise an anticipated upswing in interest in the wake of the Amsterdam Mahler Festival of that year) and  March 1922 (the last before the Anschluss). 

       
PS1a     SECOND EDITION, SECOND IMPRESSION Vienna: Universal Edition, [1920]
        Print ordered: 22.vii.1920    Copies received: 07.x.1920   Print run: 998
       

No copy of this impression has been identified.

     
PS1b     SECOND EDITION, THIRD IMPRESSION [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Weinberger/Universal Edition, [1909]
        Print ordered: 25.xi.1921    Copies received: 16.iii.1922   Print run: 998
       

No copy of this impression has been identified. [possibly F-Pn  FRBNF43126734]

   
 

PRINTED ORCHESTRAL PARTS

PO1   FIRST EDITION – [Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Weinberger, 1899]
       

Make-up of set: 43 parts (but see below): fl 1–4; ob 1–4; cl in Ea symbol: a flat sign; cl 1–3; bsn 1–3; hn 1–7; hn (Verstärkung) 1–2; tpt 1–5; trb 1–4; tuba; timp 1–2; bd; cym; tr and tam–tam; hp; vn 1; vn 2; vla; vcl; db.

        Dimensions (vary): 330(–334) x 252(–254) (r = 198 (–228)). Hn (Verstärkung): 304/308 x 232/230 (r = 190/192)
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: iv.1899    Price: Mk 38 *n.
        Edition number: none    Plate number: 7
       

Copies: A-Wigmg N/I/22 (lacking strings, 5th tpt and bd.; tpt 2 = PO2); A-Wst U.E. Deposit, Mahler/G. 004(D) (lacking tpt 2 and strings - part of a mixed set marked up probably in connection with the preparation of  SWIa); N-Aconcertgebouw; US-NYph 440

       

The copy text was probably the most recent set of manuscript parts Mahler had available (see the notes to [CO1/CO2] for details of the lost manuscript part sets).

Vn 1 only bears the type-set heading: Mit Unterstützung der Gesellschaft zur Förderung deutschen Wissenschaft, Kunst und Literatur in Böhmen (only one of the parts in the US-NYph set actually bears this note; see the notes to PF1 for an explanation of its significance).  It is not clear what parts were originally issued for the Verstärkung at the end of the Finale. The additional hn, tpt and trb parts all have pl. no.7.

The Hofmeister entry does not specify that it refers to the parts, but as the score had been listed in January 1899 at a different price it seems probably that the April entry relates to the part set. Availability of the parts had been announced in a publicity flyer of November 1898 and they were also advertised in the issue of Musikhandel und Musikpflege for 16–22 April 1899.

No repeats marked in movements I and II.

     
      PRINTED ORCHESTRAL PARTS USED BY MAHLER:
GMPO1       A-Wph III/98.
       

The first desk Violin I (which would have been used by Arnold Rosé and Karl Prill) and the harp part (signed by the harpist, Roman Moßhammer (1868–1920)¹) have 18 November 1900,  the date of the Viennese première of the work, added in pencil at the end.

         
GMPO2       A-Wigmg N/I/23.
        Select bibliography: SW1b = [St1]
       

Used on 16. and 17.xii.1909 and with performers' timings.

       
      PRINTED ORCHESTRAL PARTS WITH REVISIONS:
CPO1       A-Wigmg N/I/21, N/I/28
        Select bibliography: SW1b = [St3]
       

N/I/21: Single copies of each string part bearing Mahler's stamp. The revisions (which include the insertion of repeat marks in red crayon) are not autograph.

N/I/28: Lacking string parts. The revisions are not autograph. The Fl 1 part has a scarcely visible note: Vorlage Exemplar auch in Partitur, korr. am 21/12[?] 1909.

       

 

PO2   SECOND EDITION – Vienna: Universal Edition, [1912]
        Dimensions: 332 x 270 (r = 217)
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: none present ( = 2932)    Plate number: U.E. 2932
       

Copies [no complete set located]: A-Wigmg N/I/22 (tpt II part only); A-Wst (strings only = SW1b [St4] [not located]); A-Wst U.E. Deposit, Mahler/G. 004(D) (tpt 2 and strings only - part of a mixed set marked up probably in connection with the preparation of  SWIa)

       

The copy text for the revised edition of the parts has not been identified: it may well have been APF5, also used as the copy text for PF2. The UE Verlagsbuch implies that there was no systematic approach to the publication of a revised set of parts, and no printing of wind and percussion parts is recorded up to the Anschluß. Relatively large stocks of parts seem to have been handed over in November 1910, and it was only in 1912 that new Vn 1 parts were printed, followed by Vn 2 in 1918, and the rest in 1920.

     
 

PRINTED ARRANGEMENTS FOR PIANO DUET

PTp41   FIRST EDITION – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Weinberger, [1898]
       

Title Page: [See facsimile for the second issue. Blue text within decorative border:] SYMPHONIE / № 1 / in / D-dur / von / GUSTAV MAHLER. / Mit Unterstützung der Gesellschaft zur Förderung deutscher Wissenschaft, Kunst und Literatur in Böhmen. / PARTITUR Graphic representing double pricing: 30 Mk. over 18 Fl. netto [design] CLAVIERAUSZUG à 4 / ms. Graphic representing double pricing: Mk. 8.- Pf. over Fl.4.80Kr netto. / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. / Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in des Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements. / ·JOSEF WEINBERGER· / [left:] Leipzig / Querstrasse No. 13 / [rule] // [centre:] WIEN / Kohlmarkt 8 / [rule] // [right:] Paris / 40 Boulevard Haussmann / [rule] // Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien VII. / [beneath border:] 4148/98.

       

Wrapper: [front: dark blue on mottled blue; see facsimile for the second issue (text is identical to that of the title-page); back wrapper is blank]

        Analysis: [1]= tp; 2–23=I; 24–37=II; 38–47=III; 46–83=IV; [84]=blank.
        Dimensions: 326 x 252 (r = 211)
        Watermark: none
        Printer: Stich der Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien.VII. [p. 2]
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: i.1899    Price: Mk 8n.
        Edition number: none    Plate number: 8
       

Copies: A-Wn Mus MS67476-4º (ex coll. Anna Bahr-Mildenburg; bequest 1951); A-Wn F21.Berg.197 (Alban Berg's copy, with some analytical annotations in the first movement); D-B Mus. Km 52; F-Pgm MAH-pa1-001 (with dedication to Sylvain Dupuis, dated 1899); copy offered for sale by Antiquariat Stefan Krüger 2011 (with autograph dedication to Arnold Rosé: 'Lieber Arnold! Voderhand begnüge dich mit dem "Kupferstich" Gustav Mahler').

       

The unidentified arranger was Bruno Walter. No manuscript of the arrangement has been located, but Walter was hoping to show it to Mahler early in August 1898 (HLGII, 110). The edition contains no repeats, but does include a number of metronome markings. Availability of the arrangement was announced in a publicity flyer of November 1898 and the programme notes to the sixth performance, conducted at Dresden by Ernst von Schuch on 16 December 1898 state that the arrangement had been published in Vienna.

         
PTp41a    

FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Weinberger/Universal-Edition, [1906]

        Hofmeister: i.1906    Price: Mk 7,50
       

Copies: A-Wst M. 49354 (ex. coll. Wilhelm Legler); A-Wigmg N/I/42 (front wrapper blue on light brown; prices unaltered); GB-Lpc

       

Copies of PTp41 with a printed UNIVERSAL-EDITION label pasted over the publisher's imprint on the front wrapper and title page. There is evidence that the early UE Verlagsbuch records may be incomplete (see the Universal Edition page for further details), and no printing of the arrangement is listed there until November 1906.  It seems likely that these paste-overs  were added to  unsold copies of the first issue when the arrangement was 'In die Universal-Edition aufgenommen'  at the start of 1906, although other scenarios are possible. (For  discussion of the rather uncertain history of this issue, see the Universal Edition page.) UE had already advertised their marketing of the study scores and piano duet arrangements of the first four symphonies in the the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, on 13 December 1905.

The sale price (in Marks) of the arrangement as listed in Hofmeister was 50 Pfennig less than the first issue: on the GB-Lpc copy, the printed price as been modified lightly in pencil (illegible).

Wilhelm Legler (1875–1951) was an artist whose first wife, Margarethe (1884–1942), was Alma Mahler's sister.

         
PTp41b    

FIRST EDITION, THIRD ISSUE Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Weinberger/Universal-Edition, 1906

       

Title Page: [See facsimile. Black, within orange border:] ERSTE / SYMPHONIE / IN D DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER. / KLAVIERAUSZUG ZU VIER HÄNDEN / [in lower shield:] EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS. / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / JOSEF WEINBERGER / ·WIEN·LEIPZIG·PARIS· / [below border, in orange:] Lith.v.Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien. / [black:] IN DIE „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” AUFGENOMMEN. / [left:] BUDAPEST / ROZSAVÖLGYI ÉS TÁRSÁNÁL // [rule] / POZSONY / STAMPFEL KÁROLYNÁL // [centre:] FÜR DEUTSCHLAND BEI / FRIEDRICH HOFMEISTER / LEIPZIG. // [right:] SOLE AGENTS FOR / GREAT BRITAIN AND THE COLONIES / LONDON / E. ASCHERBERG & Co. / 46, BERNERS STREET W.

        Wrapper: [See facsimiles]
        Analysis: [1]= tp; 2–23=I; 24–37=II; 38–47=III; 46–83=IV; [84]=blank.
        Dimensions: 319 x 238 (r = 208)
        Watermark: none
        Printer: Stich und Druck von Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien.VII. Seidengasse 3–9 [p. 2]
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Edition number: 947    Plate number: 8
        Print ordered: 09.xi.1906    Copies received: 10.xi.1906   Print run: 150
       

Copies: GB-Lpc; two further copies may be copies of this issue: US-Wc M209.M22;  D-B Mus Km 52/2 [not seen].

       

Apart from the revised title page and new wrappers, this appears to be an unaltered reissue of the text of PTp41. It formed part of a batch of publications of Mahler's first four symphonies originally published  in 1898–1902 under the imprint of Josef Weinberger (nos 1–3) and Doblinger (no. 4) although the publishing rights were owned by the Erste Wiener Zeitungs Gesellschaft; in 1906 the the piano duet arrangements and the study scores (a format that had not previously been published) were reissued under the imprint of Josef Weinberger, but labelled 'In die Universal-Edition aufgenommen'. (There is still no indication on these copies that the arranger was Bruno Walter though the omission appears to have been an oversight, as Walter is credited in a 1906 UE advertisement.)

The identification of the copy described above as one of the copies of this third issue is conjectural, since there is no date code on the rear wrapper (as was normal in UE publications, certainly in later years), and it is not impossible that the copies supplied in November 1906 were yet more copies of PTp41a (see the Universal Edition page for further details). However, the fact that the highest edition number listed in the advertisement on the rear wrapper is 907, suggest that this may not be a copy of the 1909 issue (see below).  

UE publications rarely bear a price and Hofmeister always gives them in Marks. In 1907, ahead of the Linz première of the work, an advert gives the cost of a score (evidently the study score) as Kr. 7.20 and of the piano duet arrangement as Kr. 9.

         
PTp41c    

FIRST EDITION, THIRD ISSUE, SECOND IMPRESSION Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Weinberger/Universal-Edition, 1909

        Print ordered: 27.xii.1909    Copies received: 30.xii.1909   Print run: 196
       

No copy of this impression has been identified, although one or more of the copies listed under PTp41b may be examplars of this impression.

         
PTp41d     FIRST EDITION, FOURTH ISSUE Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1912
       

Title Page: [See facsimile. Black, within orange border:] ERSTE / SYMPHONIE / IN D DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER. / KLAVIERAUSZUG ZU VIER HÄNDEN / [in lower shield:] EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS. / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / JOSEF WEINBERGER / ·WIEN·LEIPZIG·PARIS· / [below border, in orange:] Lith.v.Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien. / [black:] IN DIE „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” AUFGENOMMEN. / [left:] BUDAPEST / ROZSAVÖLGYI ÉS TÁRSÁNÁL // [rule] / POZSONY / STAMPFEL KÁROLYNÁL // [centre:] FÜR DEUTSCHLAND BEI / FRIEDRICH HOFMEISTER / LEIPZIG. // [right:] SOLE AGENTS FOR / GREAT BRITAIN AND THE COLONIES / LONDON / E. ASCHERBERG & Co. / 46, BERNERS STREET W.

       

Wrapper: [See facsimile. Standard floral mauve on blue] [upper shield:] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [next shield:] № 947 / [main:] GUSTAV / MAHLER / I. SYMPHONIE / RÉ MAJEUR D DUR D MAJOR / KLAVIER ZU 4 HÄNDEN / PIANO à 4 MS PIANO DUET / [lower shield:] BRUNO WALTER; [Back wrapper: adverts, with date code XII 1911; see facsimile]

        Analysis: [1]=tp; 2–23=I; 24–37=II; 38–47=III; 46–83=IV; [84]=blank.
        Dimensions: 307 x 235 (r = 208)
        Watermark: none
        Printer: Stich und Druck von Jos. Eberle & Co. Wien.VII. Seidengasse 3–9 [p. 2]
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry.
        Edition number: 947    Plate number: 8
        Print ordered: 18.xii.1911    Copies received: 12.i.1912   Print run: 200
        Copies: GB-Lpc
       

An unaltered reissue of the music text of PTp41 on slightly larger paper than the third issue. The front wrapper of this issue identifies the arranger as Bruno Walter, the first to do so. However, neither the title page nor the plate number has been updated to reflect the change in publisher.

         
PTp41e     FIRST EDITION, FOURTH ISSUE, SECOND IMPRESSION Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1914
        Print ordered: 16.i.1914    Copies received: 17.iv.1914   Print run: 197
       

No copy of this impression has been identified, though the following copies may be of it or of later impressions: A-Wigmg N/I/31 (no  wrappers); GB-Lbl g.1128.gg.(7.) (lacking rear wrapper; on last page: Weag).

         
PTp41f     FIRST EDITION, FOURTH ISSUE, THIRD IMPRESSION Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1920
        Print ordered: 10.i.1920    Copies received: 08.iii.1920   Print run: 297
       

No copy of this impression has been identified.

   
PTp41g     FIRST EDITION, FOURTH ISSUE, FOURTH IMPRESSION Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1920
        Print ordered: 12.iv.1920    Copies received: 18.x.1920   Print run: 483
        Copies: A-Wn M.S. 7135-4°
       

 

PTp41h     FIRST EDITION, FOURTH ISSUE, FIFTH IMPRESSION Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1922
        Print ordered: 15.xii.1921    Copies received: 13.ii.1922   Print run: 502
       

No copy of this impression has been identified.

   
PTp41i     FIRST EDITION, FOURTH ISSUE, SIXTH IMPRESSION Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1923
        Print ordered: 10.ii.1923    Copies received: 02.xi.1923   Print run: 498
       

No copy of this impression has been identified.

   
PTp41j     FIRST EDITION, FOURTH ISSUE, SEVENTH IMPRESSION Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1929
        Print ordered: 30.xi.1928    Copies received: 23.i.1929   Print run: 299
       

No copy of this impression has been identified.

   
PTp41k     FIRST EDITION, FOURTH ISSUE, EIGHTH IMPRESSION Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1937
        Print ordered: 8.vi.1937    Copies received: 16.vii.1937   Print run: 300
       

No copy of this impression has been identified.

   
 

PRINTED ARRANGEMENTS FOR SALON or SMALL ORCHESTRA

  SECOND MOVEMENT - arranged by Emil Bauer
PO1   FIRST EDITION – Vienna-Leipzig-New York: Universal Edition, 1926
     

Title Page: none (the wrapper takes over that function)

       

Wrapper: [Back text and border on red card:] [upper shield:] VINDOBONA COLLECTION / GUSTAV MAHLER / SYMPHONIE I / II. SATZ / IInd MOVEMENT / IIèME MOUVEMENT / ALLEGRO / A) SALON ORCHESTER | SMALL ORCHESTRA | SALON ORCHESTRE / Flauto, Oboe, Clarinetto I, Tromba I, Trombone, Batteria (Schlagwerk), Violino I (Direction), {2 Expl.} / Violino II (obligato), Viola, Cello, Basso, Harmonium, Piano (Direction)B) KLEINES ORCHESTER | FULL ORCHESTRA | ORCHESTRE COMPLET / Besetzung wie bei A (ohne und Harmonium spielbar) mit folgenden Ergänzungsstimmen : / Orchestration like Edition A (Piano and Harmonium ad lib.) with the following supplementary parts : / Même composition que pour l'édition A (Piano et Harmonium ad lib.) avec les parties supplémentaires suivantes : / Clarinetto II, Fagotto, Corni I/II, Tromba II / [rule] / Arrangement E. Bauer / [rule] / V.C. 68 / UNIVERSAL-EDITION | WIEN | LEIPZIG | NEW YORK

       

Make-up of set: Pf (Direction), harm, vn 1 (Direction)[2 copies], vn II (Obligato), vla, vlc, cb,  fl, ob, cl in A, tpt I in A, trb, tr/pk/cym (14 parts)

       

Dimensions: 310 x 238 (r=206 [pf p. 1])

        Watermark: none present
        Printer: none identified
       

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: ii.1928    Price: M 6,50 (small orchestra); M. 5,50 (salon orchestra)

       

Salon salon orch. sets: Print ordered: 25.x.1926 Copies received: 08.xii.1926 Print run: 1000

Extra parts (small orch.) – Print ordered: 25.x.1926 Copies received: 08.xii.1926 Print run: 300

Vn I (additional stock):  – Print ordered:25.x.1926 Copies received: 25.xi.1926 Print run: 500

Vn II (additional stock):  – Print ordered:25.x.1926 Copies received: 25.xi.1926 Print run: 100

Vla, vcl, db:  – Print ordered: 25.x.1926 Copies received: 25.xi.1926 Print run: 100

Pf  – (additional stock): Print ordered: 04.vii.1927 Copies received: 27.x.1927 Print run: 96

       

Edition number: V.C. 68    Plate number: V.C. 68

       

Copies: A-Wn MS16083-4°/68 (Salon Orchestra set only)

       

Vindobona-Collection, 68. This collection was described as 'Programme of Modern Masters for all conductors' and was available in two versions: for details see the link to the series catalogue above. Crucial information (especially relating to cuing of instruments) is in three languages (German, English and French).

As in the case of V.C. 70, all the parts bear the statement 'Copyright 1926 by Universal-Edition'. Although the paper used has no watermark, and the edition and plate numbers are the significantly higher might be construed as suggesting that the production of this material may have been rather later than that of the first three Mahler items in the collections (V.C. 12, 14, 15) and nearer the date of the Hofmeister entry, the UE Verlagsbuch indicates that this was not the case. The omission of any information about the printer is undoubtedly an oversight: it would have been Waldheim-Eberle.

The arrangement is a complete transcription of the movement, but the placing of rehearsal numbers does not correspond to the placing of rehearsal numbers in the original score. No full score is included: the piano part gives the most complete details of the musical textures.

Interpreting the UE Verlagsbuch entry is not straightforward, but it seems that in 1926 1000 complete sets of the salon orchestra version together with 500 sets of the extra parts needed for the small orchestra version, and additional parts for vn I, vn 2, vla, vcl, db (to supply replacements/duplicates) were supplied; and that the following year there was a reprint of the piano/director part (probably to supply replacements/duplicates). No further orders were recorded.

   
 

PRINTED ARRANGEMENTS FOR PIANO, TWO HANDS

   

SECOND MOVEMENT – SCHERZO (excerpt)

PTp21a   FIRST EDITION – Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1926
       

Title Page: [collective title:] see facsimile; [vol. 1 title:] see facsimile; [vol. 2 title:] see facsimile; [vol. 3 title:] see facsimile

        Cover (boards): [front:] see facsimile; [rear:] blank
       

Analysis: [i]=collective tp; [ii]=contents page for the whole volume;
[1]=vol. 1 tp; 2–5=I. Symphonie / aus dem 2. Satz; 6–7=I. Symphonie / Trio / II. Satz; 8–12=I. Symphonie / Canon und Volksweise / III. Satz; ; 13–15=II. Symphonie / aus dem 2. Satz; 16–18=II. Symphonie / Altsolo / (Urlicht) / IV. Satz; 18–20=II. Symphonie / Der Rufer in der Wüste / V. Satz;  
[21]=vol. 2 tp; [22–24]=III. Symphonie / aus dem 2. Satz; [25–30]=IV. Symphonie / aus dem 3. Satz; [31–40]=IV. Symphonie / 4. Satz;
[41]=vol. 3 tp; [42–45]=VIII. Symphonie / I. Satz / „Veni creator spiritus‟; [46–48]=VIII. Symphonie / Gretchens Gebet; [49–52]=VIII. Symphonie / Chorus mysticus; [53–55]=IX. Symphonie / Ländler / II. Teil; [56–60]=Das Lied von der Erde / Von der Jugend; [iii]=advert 1; [iv]=advert 2

        Dimensions: 310x 236 (r = 214 [p. 2])
        Watermark: UNIVERSAL-EDITION [runs horizontally across the sheets]
        Printer: none identified
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: xi.1926    Price: Mk 0.70 (paper-bound single volume)
        Edition number: C. 316    Plate numbers: [2–20:] C.C.46; [22–40:] C.C. 47;  [42–60:] C.C. 48
        Copies:  GB-Lpc
       

This arrangement, by Ernst Rudolf, was published in the Corona-Collection, a series of publications 'offering piano and chamber music, orchestral and choral works in original versions or easy transcriptions for piano solo' (see the series advert). The series was available in two formats: in paper-bound volumes, with some of the composers (including Mahler) represented by three or more; and in hard-cover volumes that brought together in one volume the contents of up to three of the paper-bound volumes. The volume described here is the Mahler volume in the latter series.

         
 

ABANDONED SYMPHONIC MOVEMENT: BLUMINE

PF1   FIRST EDITION – Bryn Mawr: Presser, 1968.
       

Title Page: [See facsimile. Black on white:] Gustav Mahler / SYMPHONIC MOVEMENT / Blumine / [star] / Theodore Presser Company / Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania / c Copyright 1967 by Theodore Presser Co. / Published in 1968 / International Copyright Secured / All Rights Reserved / Printed in U.S.A.

        Wrapper: [See facsimile]
        Analysis: [i]=tp; [ii]=blank; [iii]=Note; [iv]=Instrumentation etc., 1–20=music.
        Printing method: pen and ink calligraphy printed by offset lithography
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: none    Plate number: 416-41078-20
       

Copies: GB-Lpc

       

This movement was probably based on one number from Mahler's incidental music to a tableaux vivants version of Der Trompeter von Sakkingen; incorporated into the First Symphony as the second movement it was finally deleted c.1896.  This publication takes AF2 as its source, so omits all of Mahler's late revisions in ACF2. The first modern performance – on its own – was at an Aldeburgh Festival Concert on 18 June 1967 conducted by Benjamin Britten; at about this time Faber Music hoped to publish the movement (see US-NHub Osborn Collection, OSB MSS 7, Box 49, folder 1024), but it was eventually assigned to Theodore Presser.

At Guildford Cathedral on  8 December 2011 the RCM Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Peter Stark, gave what was probably the first performance of the revised version of Blumine since 1894.

         
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